On a mild April afternoon, the sun baked a Detroit rooftop to the tune of over 104 degrees. Just yards away, another rooftop also sat beneath the sun, but only measured about 70 degrees.

The difference? The cooler roof was a green roof, 5,600 square feet of shrubby plants called sedum. Green roofs are critical to the future of cities. Green roofs are a powerful technology to help cities confront the threats of global climate change.

Compared to a conventional roof, the green roof stays cooler in the sun, drinks up rainwater, and reflects sunlight that would otherwise heat the roof like a blow torch on a steel girder.

Cities are hotspots of worry for climate scientists because expansive urban areas, coated in asphalt and belching the summertime exhaust of countless air conditioners already pose problems for air quality, heat and excess rainfall, which can foul water systems. In the coming years, global warming is expected to make these problems worse.

Scientists predict that global warming will increase the intensity, duration and number of heat waves in the United States. And this is in addition to an existing problem; the urban heat island, a stifling pocket of air saturated with pollutants that surrounds cities on hot summer days.

Green roofs are not new, Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley installed 20,000 square feet of green roof on City Hall as an experiment to encourage green development in the Windy City. Seattle, too, has a green roof on top of its City Hall.

Portland, Boston and Baltimore are some of the other cities with policies to promote green roofing for new development. And New York City has proposed a tax incentive for green roof installations in Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg’s PlaNYC 2030 environmental initiative.

Yet in many cities, green roof production has been slow to gain momentum. Part of the reason is cost. Installing a green roof in the United States can cost anywhere from 50 to 500 percent more than a normal roof, depending on factors such as the design, height and location of the building.

But, the investments are offset by tangible returns.  Green roofs could avert summer power outages from strained electrical grids, as well as other problems, by lowering air conditioning needs of buildings, and cooling and filtering the local air. The plants absorb carbon dioxide, the villainous greenhouse gas. They filter pollution from the air, which helps lower air temperatures around the building. And green roofs act as insulation, lowering heating and cooling costs for buildings during the winter and summer months.

The sedum plants themselves are easy to maintain, requiring weeding for only the first few seasons until they fill the roof with a dense, verdant carpet. The sedum plant can survive long periods of drought, heavy rainstorms, and severe winds.

 In the Midwest, interest in green roofs is sprouting up, and entrepreneurs are taking notice. From 2004 to 2005, green roof square footage grew 80 percent in the United States, with Chicago and Washington, D.C. leading the way, according to Green Roofs for Healthy Cities, a green roof industry organization with more than 4,000 individual and 75 corporate members.

Bright Roofing and General Building Restoration is well-poised to lead the march of Green Roof technology in major U.S. cities.  Bright enters this market with two distinctive product lines – a Green Roof product and a Living Wall product.  This allows us the versatility of low slope, steep slope, and vertical installations.  Our light weight system meets the design criteria necessary for many retrofit projects.

What is a Green Roof? 

A green roof is a roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with vegetation and soil, or a growing medium, planted over a waterproofing membrane.  The term does not include roofs that are merely colored green, as with green shingles.  It is significantly diverse from the standard roofing products in that it is supplemental, not primary to waterproofing.

In this age of green building, which stems from the threat of global warming and reducing carbon footprints, green roofs have been found to support the planets environment by:

  • Reducing Storm Water run-off.
  • Reducing the Urban Heat Island effect.
  • Extending the service life cycle of roofing systems.
  • Reducing building energy costs.
  • Sound proofing.
  • Improving the atmosphere by absorbing Carbon Dioxide and emitting Oxygen.
  • Social and psychological benefits.
  • Green Roofs can contribute up to 17 points to a LEED Building Certification.

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Bright Roofing and Restoration was featured in the cover story of the April 2009 issue of Roofing Contractor for our rehabilitation and installation of a green roof system on the Coleman A. Young Municipal Center.  You can read the article below or click here to view the digital edition of the magazine (the article is on page 48).

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Green Gains a Foothold in the Motor City
                                         At the corner of Woodward and Jefferson in downtown Detroit, the Coleman A. Young Municipal Center houses courtrooms, city offices and the mayor’s office. It’s also famous for the statue that abuts it—Marshall Fredericks’ bronze statue “the Spirit of Detroit”—or, as it’s also known, the Jolly Green Giant. Recently, at the same time the statue was being refurbished, a splash of green was added to the building’s rooftop in the form of a garden roof.

The story of how the green roof took root there illustrates the ingenuity of a contractor, manufacturers and city officials who found a way to include a garden roof without incurring additional costs or additional weight.
When it came time to restore the roof at the Coleman A. Young Municipal Center, the crumbling pavers were replaced with a modular garden roof system from ELT Easy Green.

Built during the Korean War when steel was in a short supply, the building had critical design limitations that restricted the options when it was re-roofed in 1985. The design implemented was an inverted EPDM system topped with 12-inch by 12-inch pavers. After more than 25 years, many of the pavers were crumbling, and the property manager became concerned that the roof was nearing the end of its useful life. He approached T.J. Daniels, owner and president of Bright Roofing and Restoration in Detroit, to obtain an estimate for a replacement roof.

Daniels’ company had been servicing the roof and restoring and replacing the flashings on a service contract, so he was familiar with the building. He had a hunch that the roof could be restored for far less than the cost of a roof replacement.

“As we removed the pavers and got down to the membrane, we found it was in excellent condition,” said Daniels. “It had been protected from ultraviolet radiation by the pavers, and since the wall flashings had been well maintained, there were no problem areas at the perimeter.” After the membrane was power washed, no leaks were found, so Daniels recommended that the roof be restored. He put together a proposal to restore the membrane with Thermo Materials’ SEBS Reflective Liquid Roof coating, replace the insulation and covering, and re-use the existing pavers that were in good condition. As for the pavers that were crumbling, Daniels recommended that they be replaced with a section of rooftop garden made up of modules from ELT Easy Green.

Enlarge this picture

Checking their handiwork after the completion of the project are (standing, from left) Domenic Morelli of Thermo Materials, David Morency of Bright Roofing and Restoration, David Billing of Tri-R Products, T.J. Daniels of Bright Roofing and Restoration, John Townsend of Bright Roofing and Restoration, (kneeling, from left) Jim Rizzo of Bright Green Technologies, and Lee Daniels of Bright Roofing and Restoration. (Photos by Chris King.)

The quote for a replacement roof would have been more than $1 million, and the size of the building—which takes up an entire city block and stands 22 stories tall—would make for a difficult installation, which could possibly disrupt city offices and courtroom activity. With Daniels’ restoration proposal, the city would save money and minimize disruptions. It would also add an environmentally friendly and aesthetically appealing green roof without adding extra weight—at the same cost as replacing the damaged pavers.

The plan is to expand the green roof each year as the city’s budget allows by simply removing existing pavers as they fail and adding green roof modules. “It’s a win-win for the building,” Daniels said. “As the green area gets bigger, the urban heat island effect is minimized, and the bumblebees will come back. Plus, it turns into an item for the maintenance side of the ledger rather than a capital expense for the building.”



A Successful Project
It took about an hour to install the ELT Easy Green modules. The plan is to expand the green roof area year by year as the city’s budget permits.

After the pavers and insulation were removed and the existing membrane was power washed, it was coated with SEBS Reflective Liquid Roof from Thermo Materials. The seams were coated with three courses of SEBS and SB-075 polyester, then the entire field assembly was coated to increase the water-tight protection, extend the life of the EPDM, and qualify as an ENERGY STAR coating. Once the coating cured, the insulation board and protection pad were re-installed. The system was then covered with the remaining pavers and the ELT green roof surfacing.

The crumbling pavers were ground up to dress up the edge of the garden roof area, eliminating the expense and labor of removing them. The 20,000-square-foot project took three days to complete, with the 500 square feet of green area serving as the final piece of the puzzle. “The ELT panels went down in about an hour,” said Daniels.

When the plants in the pre-grown modules were spread out, the seams between the panels weren’t even visible minutes after installation. “Instant gratification,” Daniels said. “It’s a sedum carpet.”

“The logistics of accessing the roof areas with our products is always a key problem,” said Daniels. However, his restoration plan solved access problems beautifully. Everything was easily taken up in the freight elevator and walked up the final flight of stairs to the roof. Here, the lightness of the ELT panels was a big help. “We put them in when they’re a little dry, then water them as they’re installed,” he said. “The panels are 1 meter square—about 39 inches by 39 inches—and each panel can weigh 120 pounds soaking wet, but they’re significantly lighter when dry.”

Since the insulation and pavers were re-used, very little material came back down the elevators. This was a plus, as Daniels soon found out that the mayor and judges made frequent use of the freight elevator to get around the building. However, there was no disruption of city business of courtroom activity as a result of the project. “We were very quiet,” said Daniels.



A Resourceful Partnership
The roof of the center is visible from several high-rise buildings, including GM’s corporate headquarters in the Renaissance Center, visible in this photo behind Ivory Burks (left) and T.J. Daniels of Bright Roofing and Restoration.

When asked why the ELT green roof system appealed to him, Daniels cited its versatility. “It can be lightweight or heavyweight, flat roof or steep slope, pre-grown or grown in place,” he said. “It works with new construction and retrofit applications. It can be used on all slopes from dead level all the way to vertical, and it can manage northern climates as well as southern climates.”

Daniels and Jim Rizzo, co-founder of Bright Green Technologies, are hoping that green roofs and vertical living walls will flourish in Michigan and throughout the country.

“We were looking for a retrofit green system that was lightweight, and we found it in ELT Easy Green,” said Rizzo. “We think retrofit is the way to go—it’s the market with the most potential. With the green roof market, the issue is how do roofing contractors get their arms around green. The answer is lightweight retrofit systems with warranties from major manufacturers.”

“There’s a new mentality when it comes to green roofs,” said Daniels, who noted that he has received several calls from occupants of nearby buildings that look down on the Coleman A. Young Municipal Center. “The mindset has changed a little. It used to be building owners would say, ‘I have a roof leak; I need to call a roofer.’ When it comes to green, they say, ‘I want green; can I afford it?’ It’s a paradigm shift.”

For more information about Bright Green technoloigies, visit www.brightgreenroofs.com. For more information about Bright Roofing and Restoration, visit www.bright-roofing.com. For more information about Thermo Materials, visit www.thermomfg.com.

Article Credited to Chris King
Chris King is editor of Roofing Contractor. He can be reached at 248-244-6497.

 

 


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